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Marj} Washington College
OF THE UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA
/oL. 1 6 • No. 3
One of the aims of the Alumnae As-
;ociation is to strengthen the bonds of
nterest existing between the college and
ts alumnae. That this is being achieved
,vas evident in May when a record
;rowd of alumnae joined seniors and
;heir parents for the annual homecom-
First of the alumnae to arrive were
iiembers of the Board of Directors for a
dinner at Brompton and a Board meet-
ng on Friday evening. On Saturday
norning the annual business meeting
Aas followed by a meeting of the 1964-
35 Board for election of officers of the
\ssociation for the coming year.
At noon on Saturday Dean Mary
Ellen Stephenson addressed the alum-
nae luncheon with a talk entitled "Re-
nember When?" in which she recog-
nized the reunion groups and recalled
tems of interest at the college during
:he years those groups were at MWC.
Also at the luncheon Miss Marian
Minor, chairman of the Alumnae Fund
Committee, presented to Chancellor
Simpson $1,000 to be added to the
scholarship fund established by the
ilumnae in 1961. The gift was made
Dossible because over 1,500 alumnae
:ontributed nearly $1 1,000 to the 63-64
\lumnae Fund by the end of May.
In accepting the gift Chancellor
Simpson announced that because the
ilumnae established this fund he has
Deen able to make awards to promising
Act 111, Scene i — Midsummer Night's Dream.
students and faculty to further their
careers. The most recent grants have
been four post-doctoral awards made to
the following MWC faculty members:
Dr. Alan Pierce, biology professor, who
will be in India on a faculty exchange
program; Dr. Russell Nazzaro, psychol-
ogist, who will teach at U. of Brasilia;
Dr. Daniel Woodward, English profes-
sor, who will spend a year in research
work in England; and Dr. Marion
Greene, of the Modern Foreign Lan-
guages dept., who will go to Paris with
the Sweet Briar Junior Year Abroad
The highlight of the homecoming was
the Alumnae College which was held in
Du Pont theatre after the luncheon. A
faculty committee made up of Michael
Houston, chairman, Albert Klein,
George Luntz, Mrs. Claudia Read, and
Mrs. Dorothy Van Winckel planned the
program, "The Creative Arts In a Lib-
In the almost-filled theatre the alum-
nae were given an enlightening demon-
stration of the parts taken by the de-
partments of Drama, Music, Dance, and
Art in a production of a scene from
Shakespeare's "A Midsummer Night's
Dream" to illustrate the role of these
departments in a liberal arts curriculum.
Dr. Simpson opened the program
with introductory remarks and Dr. Reg-
inald Whidden spoke on "The Creative
Arts In a Liberal Education." Dr. Klein
then demonstrated to the audience the
way in which Act III, Scene i (the Ti-
tania-Bottom scene) would be prepared
for production. Taking part in the dem-
onstration were 18 students and three
faculty members — Dr. Roger Kenvin of
the English Dept., who played the part
of Bottom; Miss Martha Darby, chore-
ographer; and Lloyd Farrar, musical
Ahminae visited the Student Art
Show in Du Pont Galleries before and
after the demonstration. Faculty mem-
bers and some of the exhibitors were
present to discuss the work.
Next came the class reunions followed
by the buffet supper on the lawn at
Brompton at which Chancellor and
Mrs. Simpson entertained some 2,500
guests — seniors, their parents, alumnae,
faculty, and townspeople.
This year for the first time a class
agents meeting for the exchange of
ideas and discussion of class activities
was made part of the homecoming pro-
gram. Thirteen agents met in Virginia
Hall on Saturday evening. They re-
quested the editor of the bulletin to give
reunion class news priority in the sum-
mer issue of the News.
Alumnae were housed in Virginia
Hall this year and a number stayed un-
til after the commencement activities
were over on Sunday.
CLASS AGENT NEEDED
The 50th reunion of the Class of 1914 was
marked by two noteworthy features — a $100
gift to the Alumnae Fund and the attend-
ance of only one member of the class at the
Miss Louise Lewis of Morattico sent a gift
of $100 to the Alumnae Fund in honor of
this 50th reunion along with a note of greet-
ing to the class and a regret that she would
not be able to attend the reunion.
Miss Ethel Nash of
F'burg, who worked
with the alumnae
office on the reunion
plans, was the only
member of the class
able to attend. The
following eight persons
had expected to join
her: Mary and Maxie
Acree, Helen Phillips, Mary Snead, Cath-
arine Ware, Flora McFaden Hill, Nannie
Oliver Foster, and Kathryne Rice Watkins.
Miss Nash, who has been principal at La-
fayette Elementary School in F'burg since
1924, has a BS degree from MWC and a
Masters from Columbia, '43. She has done
graduate work at George Peabody College
for Teachers and at UVa. She has held sev-
eral important positions in the VEA, a num-
ber of chairmanships in the Womans Club,
is a director on the Board of the local DAR,
is on the Board of Managers of Mary Wash-
ington Hospital and is listed in Who's Who
in American Education.
In February she received the B'nai B'rith
award for outstanding community service.
Beta Sigma Phi chose her as Woman of the
Year in 1953, the DAR presented her with
its award of merit for teaching citizenship to
children, and in 1957 the Lion's Club gave
her its annual safety award. The class can
indeed be proud of their outstanding class-
'00 '^^'^^ I^"" -^^"^"'■g Hall
^y-f Rt. I , Box 43, Fredericksburg
Eleven members were present when our
class celebrated its 35th anniversary. We
agreed to make a special gift of $100 to the
Alumnae Fund from the agers.
Molly Vaughan Parrish was delighted to
have the same suite in Virginia Hall and
the same roommates again after so many
years — Peggy Branch Britton and Elizabeth
Durkin Deady. Molly has 3 sons. The eldest
is married and received a degree in June.
The second has his degree and will be mar-
ried in August. The third is a student at
Peggy Branch Britton has 2 daughters and
2 granddaughters and lives in Raleigh. Eliz-
abeth Durkin Deady's husband is vice-presi-
dent of an electronics firm. A son graduated
1934 — Five members of the Class of 1934 met in Mary Ball parlor for their 30th reunion.
LEFT TO right: Nellie Mae Stewart Pettit, Margaret Lambert Reardon, Josephine Barefoot
Lumpkin, Bernice Spicer Thoma, and Charlotte Miles James.
CLASS OF 1939 — 23th reunion, seated left to right: Mary Hehabeck Townsend, Myrtis
Hall O'Sullivan, Julia Hartley Martin '38. standing left to right: Ruby Mallory Gibson,
Louise Harris Massie, class agent Doris Stagg Pruden, (Route 2, Box 225, Windsor, Va.
23487), Henrietta Roberts Echols, Kathryn Nicholas Winslow, Virginia Dickinson Morgan,
Frances Boggs Wilson, and Dorothy Diehl Denton. Four who attended are not in the picture.
from Roanoke College in '64, her daughter
is a sophomore at MWC, and there is a 13-
year-old boy at home.
Camilla Moody Payne, who worked so
hard to make this reunion possible, is still en-
joying her interior decorating business. She
has an M.A. from GW. Her husband,
Charles, came to the reunion with her.
Phoebe Enders Willis has 5 sons and 9
grandchildren (one granddaughter). One
son is a lawyer and Commonwealth Attorney
for F'burg, another is a doctor and will soon
return to F'burg, another is a physicist, an-
other just received his BA at UVa and the
youngest is still a student.
Claire Stone Craun, who lives with her
mother in Staunton has taught business for
29 years. She has an M.A. from U.T.,
studied in Europe one summer, and has
written an article for the NEA magazine.
Elizabeth Coe Chewning taught seven
years and has been married 28 years. She
has 2 stepsons and 5 grandchildren. Last
year she returned to teaching after her hus-
band suffered a thrombosis. She will teach
science at Gari Melchers Jr. HS in Falmouth.
Beatrice Brangan Fordham, who has a
son and daughter, teaches general science.
Her daughter finished at MWC in '57 and
has been teaching five years at an air base in
Dorothy Pettus Darden, Portsmouth, has
been teaching 32 years. She has one son, a
sophomore at U of Richmond. Her husband
is retired because of disability.
Virginia Saunders Smith wrote that she
was unable to be with us this year as her son
was being graduated from W & L. His twin
brother is in the army and stationed in Ba-
varia. Another son is a freshman at Fred-
erick College in Portsmouth.
I have a son who received his LLB from
UVa in '61 and is employed with the In-
ternal Revenue Service in DC. He married
Ellen Gualtieri — MWC '61 — and they have
one daughter. Another son has his degree
in electrical engineering from VPI and is
an assistant engineer for VEPCO in Rich-
mond. My daughter is a secretary for Auer-
bach engineering in Arlington.
Emma Owens Euliss still lives on Lewis
St. and is a regular attendant at the F'burg
Chapter meetings despite her 84 years.
Our love and sympathy to Julia Troland
Link, whose father, E. M. Troland, died in
MARY WASHINGTON ALUMNAE NEWS
^ A A ^^^^y I^uval Andrews
T^T lo 1 44 Garfield Rd., Bon Air 35
What a ball! Forty-eight girls made the
reunion and we never stopped talking or
laughing. We stayed in Virginia Hall and
had the perfect weekend. Each of us is re-
turning for the 25th reunion and we hope
more of you will join us.
Mary Griffin Underwood is HS business
teacher in Portsmouth. She gave us pictures
of her boy and girl for the scrapbook. The
scrapbook is growing but we want pictures
of ALL of you so send them to me.
Marilynn Price Heady, Wappingers Falls,
NY, sent pictures of her 3 sons. Ilva Haynie
Doggett, Baltimore, left after the reunion
for a trip to the Canadian Rockies; 2 girls.
Gloria Burnside Denenberg, Ridgefield,
NJ, teaches in NYC at a school for illiterate
children and is head counsellor at a summer
camp for 350 children. She is now a glamor-
ous blonde and looks great. Dorothy Drake
Grothusen attended the reunion with her
nice husband as did Jean Adie Mogavero.
Dorothy Woodson Baber, Alexandria; 2
boys and a girl. Husband is in the Bureau
of Latin American Affairs. Dot saw Ann
Foster Kelleher and Doris Lanham Einbinder
Ruth Samuel Legnini, Havertown, Pa,
has 3 children and teaches nursery school.
Sylvia Herbst Hall, West Chester, came
down with Sammie. She teaches also. Jean
Krout Haberle, Landisville, Pa, has 2 chil-
Ruth McDaniel Potts, Berryville; 3 chil-
dren. She sent a picture of her family.
Nancy Gravatt Tucker, of Kenbridge, teaches
first grade; 3 children. Dorothy Elwell
Ewing, Little Silver, NJ ; 2 children ; husband
an attorney. Dot told us of Joyce Shipke
Jane Brownley Thomas came from Chi-
cago to the reunion. She does volunteer
work at the YMCA; 2 sons. Henny Hoyl-
man Parsons, Lexington, Va, 2 children;
hasn't changed one bit. Sallie Hart Harris
Inge, in Chester, Va, married a Baptist min-
ister, has 2 children and teaches math in HS.
Betty Williamson Meachum, Bluefield,
WVa, is prettier than ever; 2 children. Ger-
trude Hamilton Pearson, Salisbury, Md, is a
bookmobile librarian; husband works with
closed circuit TV for NASA on Wallops Is. ;
2 children. Theodora Nickerson Burson,
Charlotte, NC, has 4 children.
Frances Whitehurst Grenoble, Newport
News; 3 boys and is expecting in September.
Harriett Walls Garey, Denton, Md; 3 chil-
dren and teaches school. Virginia Morgan
Kline, Arlington; 3 girls. Husband Ed is
being transferred to Charleston, SC. Ginny
loves navy life but says it really keeps them
Marguerite Buchanan Jacques, Smiths-
burg, Md; 3 children. Husband is an or-
chardist. Margaret Duke Bledsoe of Be-
thesda visited Europe for the Fifth Sym-
posium of Naval Hydrodynamics in Bergen,
Norway. She also went to U of Calif to visit
the facilities of the Naval Architecture Dept.
Marjorie Hudson Denny is on her way to
Hawaii where her Marine husband has a
tour of duty. They have 3 children. Mar-
jorie will visit Janie Slingman Mix on her
way west. Adele Goyne Maxwell, Chester,
Va, 2 girls. Frances Farrell Fletcher, Ports-
mouth, Va; 3 sons. Husband is with the
Norfolk Naval Shipyard.
Marny Watkins Gary lives in Richmond ;
a boy and a girl. You'll be hearing from
Marny soon so watch for her letter. Carolyn
Watts Quigley came from Orlando, Fla,
where her husband is an Episcopal minister.
They have 3 children. Hazel Jeffries is a
secretary at the Patent Office in DC.
Katherine Tompkins Brumble, Mechanics-
ville, Va, teaches HS math and lives in an
antebellum home on 45 acres where they
"raise cane, cats, and dogs." Rebecca Engle-
man Russell of Crozet, Va is a librarian; 2
girls. Muriel Clements Garrison, F'burg,
was the only local girl who attended re-
union. She teaches and is working on her
Jean Wade Otte, Laurel, Md, has 2 chil-
dren. Husband is with the Defense Dept.
Mary Anne Meyer Woody of Richmond has
7 children and still made the reunion. Her
youngest is under a year old. Emmy Lou
Kilby has been teaching PE at the U of
Mass for two years. She returns to the U of
Wash at Bellingham this fall after spending
the summer at the Sorbonne in Paris where
she studied French. It is DOCTOR Kilby
Sallie Jacob of Norfolk teaches school.
Margaret Farmer Suit lives in South Boston,
Va and works in the Halifax Co Public
library. She has one son. Belva Dunn Jones
and her husband own a hardware store in
Richmond. They have one son.
Tommy Strong Morris came down from
U of Del where she has been Administrative
Dietitian for 15 years. Virginia Wells Le-
land, Seaford, LI, has 4 children. She
played the piano for us at reunion and it
really felt like old times. Josephine Potts
Coleman from Chadds Ford, Pa and Betty
Cox Leao of Middletown, Conn both at-
tended reunion and made us proud of our
two outstanding chemists.
Betty Taylor Cormack, Seabrook, Md; 3
children. Ruth Ludtke Scarbrough, Tow-
son, Md, 2 children. She works at the Md
Training School for Boys as Food Service
Manager. Jean Ford Bates of Richmond has
Christine Vassar Farrar, Hampton, Va
is married to the principal of the elem
school. She looked like a very happy and
beautiful bride. We called Joyce Hovey
Madigan in Houlton, Me. She is a social
worker, traveling i ,000 miles a month for
the Dept of Health and Welfare, Children's
Division. Two girls and a boy.
And now news of the girls who were not
at reunion but have been kind enough to
Rosemary Fairbank Bell, Woodland Hills,
Calif, is editor-in-chief of the local weekly
newspaper. She has 3 sons and is still in-
volved in drama. Anna Austin Roberts, Sud-
lersville, Md, sent pictures of her family.
She planned to attend reunion until she
learned another baby was on the way. Libby
Phillips Roe is moving near her this year.
Barbara Strongren Behrens writes from
West Simsbury, Conn that her children now
have a horse and pony. Edith Mays Thomas,
Hyattsville, teaches 5th grade; 2 daughters.
The family is fond of camping. Dorothy
Madsen Marston lives on a farm outside of
W'msb'g; 3 teenage girls and a four-year-old
Marguerite Klenck Lovejoy's husband re-
ceived his PhD in geology at U of Ariz this
year. They have lived in most of the western
states for the past 15 years. She sent a won-
derful picture of their 3 boys and 2 girls.
Leah Fleet Waller of Richmond has a boy
and girl. She fulfilled her lifelong ambition
this year by being a blues singer in a Jr
Womans Club floor show.
Elizabeth Adair Fairly's husband is a phy-
sician in Richmond ; 2 children. Ruth West-
cott Hale, Metuchen, NJ, sent a grand pic-
ture of her 3 boys and girl. Please include
your OWN picture if you can when you
send one in for the scrapbook. Helen Buck-
ley McKinney's husband is in industrial X-
ray at Westport, Conn; one son.
We missed a lot of you at the reunion and
you missed a gay old time. Plan now to
attend the 25th when we hope to again be
the largest reunion group on campus. It is
the nicest way to shed 25 years that I know
of. Who could ask for a better weekend
than to be among old friends on a beautiful
campus with the southern hospitality flow-
ing everywhere. Plan to come and in the
meantime please let me hear from you.
CLASS OF 1944 — 20th reunion
\M 2 4 'S^
SPOTS WOOD ALUMNAE HOUSE
CHAIRMAN Uh inc. buakl>
Peggy Kelley Reinburg, Fairfax
Betty Cox Beale, Bowling Green
Kathryn Nicholas Winslov^', Norfolk
Doris Steele, Silver Spring, Md.
Bettie V. Griffith, Box 13 15
College Station, Fredericksburg
by Gary Upshur Washington '59
KING GEORGE CHAPTER
At a March meeting plans were made for
the annual June dinner-swim party to be
held at Marci Morris' home. This is a fun
time and all members, husbands, and pro-
spective members are invited.
MIAMI CHAPTER (Florida)
On Men's Night, Feb 28, husbands took
the members to dinner at the Hasta Ma-
nana and all had a gay time. Apr 18, a
lunch at Jordon Marsh when plans were
made for a June 14 family picnic at the
home of Leona Hall Howard '49.
Dot Diehl Denton '39 entertained at the
Apr social and showed slides of her Euro-
pean tour. The March meeting at the La-
fayette Country Club featured a talk by
Mrs. Maude Hudson, supervisor of distribu-
tive edu in Norfolk, on the role vocational
edu assumes in schools of today. Also at the
Lafayette was a mother-daughter luncheon
in May when officers were installed. Board
meetings were held at Kathryn Nicholas
Winslow's '39 home.
In Sept '63 fifty-five freshmen attended
the Freshman Party and at a luncheon meet-
ing at Thalhimers in Oct Nat'l Assn officers
reported on association work. A VEA coffee
Spots wood Spotlight
hour was held in Nov for MWC alumnae
who attended the convention. On Jan 22
alumnae and guests journeyed to a theatre
party at The Barksdale in Hanover Court
House. The looth Day Tea for the Senior
Class was held in Feb at Spotswood with
this chapter hostessing. Dr. Simpson spoke
on the Indian Exchange program in which
MWC is participating when he and Mrs.
Simpson were guests of the chapter dinner
meeting in March.
ROANOKE VALLEY CHAPTER
Welcome to the recently reorganized Roa-
noke Valley Chapter! Reorganized at a
meeting Mar 16, 1964 with 14 present and
7 others interested. Officers elected were:
Bootsie Simpson Johnson '54, pres; Donna
Henninger Henderson '61, vp; Mary Ellen
Seaborn Gillian '41, sec; and Nancy Floyd
Gibb '60, treas.
They plan to have 5 meetings a year and
set dues at $3. On their May 1 1 meeting
20 attended and 20 expressed interest. They
chose their name, discussed boundaries for
the chapter, and planned a Sept social for
MWC entering freshmen, other MWC stu-
dents, and the students' mothers.
I thank you for your cooperation in mak-
ing these reports. The new Roanoke Chap-
ter will take over the reporting for 64-65 so
please send your reports to the president of
the chapter: Mrs. Bootsie Simpson Johnson,
2218 Sorrel Lane SW, Roanoke, Va.
Thank you again for helping me. Let's
keep in touch.
NEW CLASS AGENTS
It is our pleasure to announce the names
of six new class agents.
1917 — Imogen Ellis Daniel (Mrs. Albert
C.),of Weems, Va.
1924 — Marian Weedon McDaniel (Mrs. C.
B.), 1109 Charles St., F'burg.
1929 — Helen Van Denburg Hall (Mrs.
Bernard), Route i, Box 43, F'burg.
'939 — Doris Stagg Pruden (Mrs. Brookly
J.), Route 2, Box 225, Windsor, Va.
1954 — Helen. Louise Wilbur, 1701 Massa-
chusetts Ave., NW, Washington, DC,
20036 and Barbara Wilson Taliaferro
(Mrs. Wm. D.), Route i. Box 201,
Punta Gorda, Fla. 33950.
WHAT was the first state university?
WHAT are land-grant colleges?
WHY do public colleges need private
WHY should you support your Alum-
WHAT is an alternative to higher
ARE tuition charges too burdensome?
CAN small private colleges survive?
WHAT is the major form of federal
assistance to undergraduates?
WHAT importance does your gift to
MWC have beyond the dollars it
gives to higher education?
WHAT two great impacts have
molded the modern American uni-
You will find the answers to these
questions in the thought provoking
article, "The Money Behind our Col-
leges," which begins on the next page.
Dean Mary Ellen Stephenson addresses the
Ann Payne Long '54 and Mary Ann Dorsey
Judy '54 view student art show at Alumnae
MARY WASHINGTON ALUMNAE NEWS
ARE America's colleges and universities in good financial health —
X\. or bad?
Are they pricing themselves out of many students' reach? Or can — and
should — students and their parents carry a greater share of the cost of
Can state and local governments appropriate more money for higher
education? Or is there a danger that taxpayers may "revolt"?
Does the federal government — now the third-largest provider of funds
to higher education — pose a threat to the freedom of our colleges and
universities? Or is the "threat" groundless, and should higher education
seek even greater federal support?
Can private donors— business corporations, religious denominations,
foundations, alumni, and alumnae — increase their gifts to colleges
and universities as greatly as some authorities say is necessary? Or has
private philanthropy gone about as far as it can go?
There is no set of "right" answers to such questions. College and
university financing is comphcated, confusing, and often controversial,
and even the administrators of the nation's institutions of higher learning
are not of one mind as to what the best answers are.
One thing is certain: financing higher education is not a subject for
"insiders," alone. Everybody has a stake in it.
THESE DAYS, most of America's colleges and universities manage
to make ends meet. Some do not: occasionally, a college shuts
its doors, or changes its character, because in the jungle of educational
financing it has lost the fiscal fitness to survive. Certain others, qualified
observers suspect, hang onto life precariously, sometimes sacrificing
educational quality to conserve their meager resources. But most U.S.
colleges and universities survive, and many do so with some distinction.
On the surface, at least, they appear to be enjoying their best financial
health in history.
The voice of the bulldozer is heard in our land, as new buildings go
up at a record rate. Faculty salaries in most institutions — at critically
low levels not long ago — are, if still a long distance from the high-tax
brackets, substantially better than they used to be. Appropriations of
state funds for higher education are at an all-time high. The federal
government is pouring money into the campuses at an unprecedented
rate. Private gifts and grants were never more numerous. More students
than ever before, paying higher fees than ever before, crowd the class-
How real is this apparent prosperity? Are there danger signals? One
purpose of this report is to help readers find out.
Where U.S. colleges
get their income
How DO colleges and universities get the money they run on?
By employing a variety of financing processes and philosophies.
By conducting, says one participant, the world's busiest patchwork
U.S. higher education's balance sheets — the latest of which shows the
country's colleges and universities receiving more than $7.3 billion in
current-fund income — have been known to bafiie even those men and
women who are at home in the depths of a corporate financial state-
ment. Perusing them, one learns that even the basic terms have lost their
old, familiar meanings.
"Private" institutions of higher education, for example, receive enor-
mous sums of "public" money — including more federal research funds
than go to all so-called "public" colleges and universities.
And "public" institutions of higher education own some of the
largest "private" endowments. (The endowment of the University of
Texas, for instance, has a higher book value than Yale's.)
When the English language fails him so completely, can higher edu-
cation's balance-sheet reader be blamed for his bafflement?
IN A RECENT year, U.S. colleges and universities got their current-fund
income in this fashion :
20.7% came from student tuition and fees.
18.9% came from the federal government.
22.9% came from state governments.
2.6% came from local governments.
6.4% came from private gifts and grants.
COPYRIGHT 1964 BY EDITORIAL PROreCTS FOR EDUCATION, INC.
9.4% was other educational and general income, including income
17.5% came from auxiliary enterprises, such as dormitories, cafeterias,
and dining halls.
1.6% was student-aid income.
Such a breakdown, of course, does not match the income picture
at any actual college or university. It includes institutions of many shapes,
sizes, and financial policies. Some heat their classrooms and pay their
professors largely with money collected from students. Others receive
relatively little from this source. Some balance their budgets with large
sums from governments. Others not only receive no such funds, but may
actively spurn them. Some draw substantial interest from their endow-
ments and receive gifts and grants from a variety of sources.
"There is something very reassuring about this assorted group of
patrons of higher education," writes a college president. "They are
all acknowledging the benefits they derive from a strong system of col-
leges and universities. Churches that get clergy, communities that get
better citizens, businesses that get better employees — all share in the
costs of the productive machinery, along with the student . . . ."
In the campus-to-campus variations there is often a deep significance;
an institution's method of financing may tell as much about its philos-
ophies as do the most eloquent passages in its catalogue. In this sense,
one should understand that whether a college or university receives
enough income to survive is only part of the story. How and where it
gets its money may have an equally profound effect upon its destiny.
34.3% of their income
conies from student fees.
from Students 20.7 per cent
1AST FALL, some 4.4 million young Americans were enrolled in the
J nation's colleges and universities — 2.7 million in public institutions,
1.7 million in private.
For most of them, the enrollment process included a stop at a cashier's
office, to pay tuition and other educational fees.
How much they paid varied considerably from one campus to another.
For those attending public institutions, according to a U.S. government
survey, the median in 1962-63 was $170 per year. For those attending
private institutions, the median was $690 — four times as high.
There were such differences as these:
In public universities, the median charge was $268.
In public liberal arts colleges, it was $168.
In public teachers colleges, it was $208.
In public junior colleges, it was $113.
Such educational fees, which do not include charges for meals or dormi-
10% of their income
conies from student fees.
tory rooms, brought the nation's public institutions of higher education a
total of $415 million — one-tenth of their entire current-fund income.
In private universities, the median charge was $1,038.
In private liberal arts colleges, it was $751.
In private teachers colleges, it was $575.
In private junior colleges, it was $502.
In 1961-62, such student payments brought the private colleges and
universities a total of $1.1 billion — more than one-third of their entire
From all students, in all types of institution, America's colleges and
universities thus collected a total of $1.5 billion in tuition and other
Are tuition charges
No NATION puts more stock in maximum college attendance by
its youth than does the United States," says an American report
to an international committee. "Yet no nation expects those receiving
higher education to pay a greater share of its cost."
The leaders of both private and public colleges and universities are
worried by this paradox.
Private-institution leaders are worried because they have no desire to
see their campuses closed to all but the sons and daughters of well-to-do
families. But, in effect, this is what may happen if students must con-
tinue to be charged more than a third of the costs of providing higher
education — costs that seem to be eternally on the rise. (Since one-third
is the average for all private colleges and universities, the students'
share of costs is lower in some private colleges and universities, con-
siderably higher in others.)
Public-institution leaders are worried because, in the rise of tuition
and other student fees, they see the eventual collapse of a cherished
American dream: equal educational opportunity for all. Making students
pay a greater part of the cost of pubHc higher education is no mere
theoretical threat; it is already taking place, on a broad scale. Last year,
half of the state universities and land-grant institutions surveyed by
the federal government reported that, in the previous 12 months, they
had had to increase the tuition and fees charged to home-state students.
More than half had raised their charges to students who came from
CAN THE RISE in tuition rates be stopped — at either pubUc or pri-
vate colleges and universities?
A few vocal critics think it should not be; that tuition should, in fact,
go up. Large numbers of students can afford considerably more than
they are now paying, the critics say.
"Just look at the student parking lots. You and I are helping to pay
for those kids' cars with our taxes," one campus visitor said last fall.
Asked an editorial in a Tulsa newspaper:
"Why should taxpayers, most of whom have not had the advantage
of college education, continue to subsidize students in state-supported
universities who have enrolled, generally, for the frank purpose of
eventually earning more than the average citizen?"
An editor in Omaha had similar questions:
"Why shouldn't tuition cover more of the rising costs? And why
shouldn't young people be willing to pay higher tuition fees, and if
necessary borrow the money against their expected earnings? And why
shouldn't tuition charges have a direct relationship to the prospective
earning power — less in the case of the poorer-paid professions and
more in the case of those which are most remunerative?"
Such questions, or arguments-in-the-form-of-questions, miss the
main point of tax-supported higher education, its supporters say.
"The primary beneficiary of higher education is society," says a joint
statement of the State Universities Association and the Association of
State Universities and Land-Grant Colleges.
"The process of making students pay an increasing proportion of the
costs of higher education will, if continued, be disastrous to American
society and to American national strength.
"It is based on the theory that higher education benefits only the
individual and that he should therefore pay immediately and directly
for its cost — through borrowing if necessary. . . .
"This is a false theory. ... It is true that great economic and other
benefits do accrue to the individual, and it is the responsibility of the
individual to help pay for the education of others on this account —
through taxation and through voluntary support of colleges and uni-
versities, in accordance with the benefits received. But even from the
narrowest of economic standpoints, a general responsibility rests on
society to finance higher education. The businessman who has things
to sell is a beneficiary, whether he attends college or not, whether his
children do or not . . . ."
Says a university president: "I am worried, as are most educators,
about the possibility that we will price ourselves out of the market."
For private colleges — already forced to charge for a large part of the
cost of providing higher education — the problem is particularly acute.
As costs continue to rise, where will private colleges get the income to
meet them, if not from tuition?
After studying 100 projections of their budgets by private liberal
arts colleges, Sidney G. Tickton, of the Fund for the Advancement of
Education, flatly predicted :
"Tuition will be much higher ten years hence."
Already, Mr. Tickton pointed out, tuition at many private colleges is
beyond the reach of large numbers of students, and scholarship aid
isn't large enough to help. "Private colleges are beginning to realize
that they haven't been taking many impecunious students in recent
years. The figures show that they can be expected to take an even smaller
proportion in the future.
Or should students
carry a heavier
share of the costs?
1.4% of their income
comes from the states.
"The facts are indisputable. Private colleges may not like to admit
this or think of themselves as educators of only the well-heeled, but the
signs are that they aren't likely to be able to do very much about it in
the decade ahead."
What is the outlook at public institutions? Members of the Asso-
ciation of State Colleges and Universities were recently asked to make
some predictions on this point. The consensus:
They expect the tuition and fees charged to their home-state students
to rise from a median of $200 in 1962-63 to $230, five years later. In
the previous five years, the median tuition had increased from $150 to
$200. Thus the rising-tuition trend would not be stopped, they felt — but
it would be slowed.
THE ONLY alternative to higher tuition, whether at public or private
institutions, is increased income from other sources — taxes, gifts,
grants. If costs continue to increase, such income will have to in-
crease not merely in proportion, but at a faster rate — if student charges
are to be held at their present levels.
What are the prospects for these other sources of income? See the
pages that follow.
22.9 per cent from States
39.7% of their income
comes from the states.
COLLEGES and universities depend upon many sources for their fi-
nancial support. But one source towers high above all the rest: the
The taxpayer provides funds for higher education through all levels
of government — federal, state, and local.
Together, in the most recent year reported, governments supplied 44.4
per cent of the current-fund income of all U.S. colleges and universities—
a grand total of $3.2 billion.
This was more than twice as much as all college and university stu-
dents paid in tuition fees. It was nearly seven times the total of all
private gifts and grants.
By far the largest sums for educational purposes came from state and
local governments: $1.9 billion, altogether. (Although the federal
government's over-all expenditures on college and university campuses
were large— nearly $1.4 billion— all but $262 million was earmarked for
STATES HAVE HAD a financial interest in higher education since the
nation's founding. (Even before independence. Harvard and other
colonial colleges had received government support.) The first state uni-
versity, the University of Georgia, was chartered in 1785. As settlers
moved west, each new state received two townships of land from the
federal government, to support an institution of higher education.
But the true flourishing of publicly supported higher education came
after the Civil War. State universities grew. Land-grant colleges were
founded, fostered by the Morrill Act of 1867. Much later, local govern-
ments entered the picture on a large scale, particularly in the junior-
Today, the U.S. system of publicly supported colleges and universities
is, however one measures it, the world's greatest. It comprises 743 in-
stitutions (345 local, 386 state, 12 federal), compared with a total of
1,357 institutions that are privately controlled.
Enrollments in the public colleges and universities are awesome, and
certain to become more so.
As recently as 1 950, half of all college and university students attended
private institutions. No longer — and probably never again. Last fall,
the public colleges and universities enrolled 60 per cent — one milhon
more students than did the private institutions. And, as more and more
young Americans go to college in the years ahead, both the number and
the proportion attending publicly controlled institutions will soar.
By 1970, according to one expert projection, there will be 7 milhon
college and university students. Public institutions will enroll 67 per cent
By 1980, there will be 10 milhon students. Pubhc institutions will
enroll 75 per cent of them.
THE FINANCIAL imphcations of such enrollments are enormous.
Will state and local governments be able to cope with them?
In the latest year for which figures have been tabulated, the current-
fund income of the nation's public colleges and universities was $4. 1
billion. Of this total, state and local governments supplied more than
$1.8 bilHon, or 44 per cent. To this must be added $790 milhon in capital
outlays for higher education, including $613 milhon for new construc-
In the fast -moving world of public-college and university financing,
such heady figures are already obsolete. At present, reports the Commit-
tee for Economic Development, expenditures for higher education are
the fastest-growing item of state and local-government financing. Be-
tween 1962 and 1968, while expenditures for all state and local-govern-
ment activities will increase by about 50 per cent, expenditures for higher
education will increase 120 per cent. In 1962, such expenditures repre-
sented 9.5 per cent of state and local tax income; in 1968, they will take
12.3 per cent.
Professor M.M. Chambers, of the University of Michigan, has totted
up each state's tax-fund appropriations to colleges and universities (see
list, next page). He cautions readers not to leap to interstate compari-
sons; there are too many differences between the practices of the 50
states to make such an exercise vahd. But the differences do not obscure
Will state taxes
be sufficient to meet
the rocketing demand?
STATE FUNDS continued
State Tax Funds
For Higher Education
Change from 1961
-$346,000 - 1.5%
+ 978,000 +42%
+ 4,604,000 +29%
+ 3,048,000 +22.5%
+ 6,634,000 +28.25%
+ 2,868,000 +22%
+ 1,360,000 +36.5%
+ 8,780,000 +23.5%
+ 4,479,000 +21%
+ 3,404,000 +46%
+ 1,337,000 +15.25%
+ 4,684,000 +13.5%
+ 7,099,000 +25.5%
+ 9,901,000 +50.25%
+ 2,203,000 + 5%
+ 1,830,000 +32.5%
+ 3,721,000 +20.5%
+ 3,142,000 +23.5%
+ 6,066,000 + 6%
+ 5,808,000 +15.25%
+ 1,311,000 + 8%
+ 7,612,000 +29.5%
the fact that, between fiscal year 1961 and fiscal 1963, all states except
Alabama and Montana increased their tax-fund appropriations to
higher education. The average was a whopping 24.5 per cent.
Can states continue to increase appropriations? No one answer will
serve from coast to coast.
Poor states will have a particularly difficult problem. The Southern
Regional Education Board, in a recent report, told why:
"Generally, the states which have the greatest potential demand for
higher education are the states which have the fewest resources to meet
the demand. Rural states like Alabama, Arkansas, Mississippi, and
South Carolina have large numbers of college-age young people and
relatively small per-capita income levels." Such states, the report con-
cluded, can achieve educational excellence only if they use a larger pro-
portion of their resources than does the nation as a whole.
A leading Western educator summed up his state's problem as fol-
"Our largest age groups, right now, are old people and youngsters
approaching college age. Both groups depend heavily upon the pro-
ducing, taxpaying members of our economy. The elderly demand state-
financed welfare; the young demand state-financed education,
"At present, however, the producing part of our economy is com-
posed largely of 'depression babies' — a comparatively small group. For
the next few years, their per-capita tax burden will be pretty heavy, and
it may be hard to get them to accept any big increases."
But the alternatives to more tax money for public colleges and uni-
versities — higher tuition rates, the turning away of good students — may
be even less acceptable to many taxpayers. Such is the hope of those
who believe in low-cost, public higher education,
EVERY projection of future needs shows that state and local gov-
ernments must increase their appropriations vastly, if the people's
demands for higher education are to be met. The capacity of a gov-
ernment to make such increases, as a California study has pointed out,
depends on three basic elements:
1) The size of the "stream of income" from which the support for
higher education must be drawn;
2) The efficiency and effectiveness of the tax system; and
3) The will of the people to devote enough money to the purpose.
Of these elements, the third is the hardest to analyze, in economic
terms. It may well be the most crucial.
Here is why:
In their need for increased state and local funds, colleges and univer-
sities will be in competition with growing needs for highways, urban
renewal, and all the other services that citizens demand of their govern-
ments. How the available tax funds will be allocated will depend, in
large measure, on how the people rank their demands, and how insist-
ently they make the demands known.
"No one should know better than our alumni the importance of
having society invest its money and faith in the education of its young
people," Allan W. Ostar, director of the Office of Institutional Research,
said recently. "Yet all too often we find alumni of state universities
who are not willing to provide the same opportunity to future genera-
tions that they enjoyed. Our alumni should be leading the fight for
adequate tax support of our public colleges and universities.
"If they don't, who will?"
To SOME Americans, the growth of state-supported higher educa-
tion, compared with that of the private colleges and ;universities,
has been disturbing for other reasons than its effects upon the tax rate.
One cause of their concern is a fear that government dollars inevitably
will be accompanied by a dangerous sort of government control. The
fabric of higher education, they point out, is laced with controversy,
new ideas, and challenges to all forms of the status quo. Faculty
members, to be effective teachers and researchers, must be free of
reprisal or fears of reprisal. Students must be encouraged to experiment,
to question, to disagree.
The best safeguard, say those who have studied the question, is legal
autonomy for state-supported higher education: independent boards
of regents or trustees, positive protections against interference by state
agencies, post-audits of accounts but no line-by-line political control
over budget proposals — the latter being a device by which a legislature
might be able to cut the salary of an "offensive" professor or stifle
another's research. Several state constitutions already guarantee such
autonomy to state universities. But in some other states, college and
university administrators must be as adept at politicking as at edu-
cating, if their institutions are to thrive.
Another concern has been voiced by many citizens. What will be the
effects upon the country's private colleges, they ask, if the public-
higher-education establishment continues to expand at its present rate?
With state-financed institutions handling more and more students —
and, generally, charging far lower tuition fees than the private insti-
tutions can afford — how can the small private colleges hope to survive?
President Robert D. Calkins, of the Brookings Institution, has said:
"Thus far, no promising alternative to an increased reliance on
public institutions and public support has appeared as a means of
dealing with the expanding demand for education. The trend may be
checked, but there is nothing in sight to reverse it. . . .
"Many weak private institutions may have to face a choice between
insolvency, mediocrity, or qualifying as public institutions. But en-
larged opportunities for many private and public institutions will exist,
often through cooperation By pooling resources, all may be strength-
ened.... In view of the recent support the liberal arts colleges haveelicited,
the more enterprising ones, at least, have an undisputed role for future
Fiscal 1963 Change from 1961
Montana $11,161,000 -$ 70,000 -0.5%
Nebraska.... 17,078,000 +1,860,000 +12.25%
Nevada., 5,299,000 +1,192,000 +29%
New Hampshire 4,733,000 + 627,000 +15.25%
New Jersey... 34,079,000 +9,652,000 +39.5%
NewiViexico.. 14,372,000 +3,133,000 +28%
New York... 156,556,000 +67,051,000 +75%
North Carolina 36,532,000 + 6,192,000 +20.5%
North Dakota. 10,386,000 +1,133,000 +12.25%
Ohio 55,620,000 +10,294,000 +22.5%
Oklahoma.... 30,020,000 +3,000,000 +11%
Oregon 33,423,000 +4,704,000 +16.25%
Pennsylvania. 56,187,000 +12,715,000 +29.5%
Rhode Island. 7,697,000 +2,426,000 +46%
South Carolina 15,440,000 + 2,299,000 +17.5%
South Dakota. 8,702,000 + 574,000 + 7%
Tennessee..,. 22,359,000 + 5,336,000 +31.25%
Texas 83,282,000 +16,327,000 +24.5%
Utah 15,580,000 +2,441,000 +18.5%
Vermont 3,750,000 + 351,000 +10.25%
Virginia 28,859,000 +5,672,000 +24.5%
Washington... 51,757,000 + 9,749,000 +23.25%
West Virginia. 20,743,000 +3,824,000 +22.5%
Wisconsin.... 44,670,000 +7,253,000 +19.5%
Wyoming 5,599,000 + 864,000 +18.25%
TOTALS. . . . $1,808,825,000 +$357,499,000
WEIGHTED AVERAGE +24.5%
18.9 per cent from Washington
19.1% of their income
conies from Washington.
I SEEM TO SPEND half my life on the jets between here and Washing-
ton," said an official of a private university on the West Coast, not
"We've decided to man a Washington office, full time," said the
spokesman for a state university, a few miles away.
For one in 20 U.S. institutions of higher education, the federal govern-
ment in recent years has become one of the biggest facts of financial
life. For some it is the biggest. "The not-so-jolly long-green giant," one
man calls it.
Washington is no newcomer to the campus scene. The difference,
today, is one of scale. Currently the federal government spends between
$1 bilUon and $2 billion a year at colleges and universities. So vast are
the expenditures, and so diverse are the government channels through
which they flow to the campuses, that a precise figure is impossible to
come by. The U.S. Office of Education's latest estimate, covering fiscal
1962, is that Washington was the source of $1,389 bilhon — or nearly
19 per cent — of higher education's total current-fund income.
"It may readily be seen," said Congress woman Edith Green of Ore-
gon, in a report last year to the House Committee on Education and
Labor, "that the question is not whether there shall be federal aid to
Federal aid exists. It is big and is growing.
18.6% of their income
comes from Washington.
THE word aid, however, is misleading. Most of the federal govern-
ment's expenditures in higher education — more than four and a
half times as much as for all other purposes combined — are for research
that the government needs. Thus, in a sense, the government is the pur-
chaser of a commodity; the universities, like any other producer with
whom the government does business, supply that commodity. The re-
lationship is one of quid pro quo.
Congresswoman Green is quick to acknowledge this fact:
"What has not been . . . clear is the dependency of the federal govern-
ment on the educational system. The government relies upon the uni-
versities to do those things which cannot be done by government person-
nel in government facilities.
"It turns to the universities to conduct basic research in the fields
of agriculture, defense, medicine, public health, and the conquest of
space, and even for managing and staffing of many governmental re-
"It relies on university faculty to judge the merits of proposed re-
"It turns to them for the management and direction of its foreign aid
programs in underdeveloped areas of the world.
"It relies on them for training, in every conceivable field, of govern-
ment personnel — both military and civilian."
THE FULL RANGE of federal-government relationships with U.S. high-
er education can only be suggested in the scope of this report.
Here are some examples:
Land-grant colleges had their origins in the Morrill Land Grant Col-
lege Act of 1862, when the federal government granted public lands to
the states for the support of colleges "to teach such branches of learning
as are related to agriculture and the mechanic arts," but not excluding
science and classics. Today there are 68 such institutions. In fiscal 1962,
the federal government distributed $10.7 miUion in land-grant funds.
The armed forces operate officers training programs in the colleges and
universities — their largest source of junior officers.
Student loans, under the National Defense Education Act, are the
major form of federal assistance to undergraduate students. They are
administered by 1,534 participating colleges and universities, which
select recipients on the basis of need and collect the loan repayments. In
fiscal 1962, more than 170,000 undergraduates and nearly 15,000 gradu-
ate students borrowed $90 million in this way.
"The success of the federal loan program," says the president of a
college for women, "is one of the most significant indexes of the im-
portant place the government has in financing private as well as public
educational institutions. The women's colleges, by the way, used to scoff
at the loan program. 'Who would marry a girl with a debt?' people
asked. 'A girl's dowry shouldn't be a mortgage,' they said. But now
more than 25 per cent of our girls have government loans, and they
don't seem at all perturbed."
Fellowship grants to graduate students, mostly for advanced work in
science or engineering, supported more than 35,000 persons in fiscal
1962. Cost to the government: nearly $104 million. In addition, around
20,000 graduate students served as paid assistants on government-
sponsored university research projects.
Dormitory loans through the college housing program of the Housing
and Home Finance Agency have played a major role in enabling col-
leges and universities to build enough dormitories, dining halls, student
unions, and health facihties for their burgeoning enrollments. Between
1951 and 1961, loans totaling more than $1.5 biUion were approved.
Informed observers believe this program finances from 35 to 45 per
cent of the total current construction of such facihties.
Grants for research facilities and equipment totaled $98.5 million in
fiscal 1962, the great bulk of which went to universities conducting
scientific research. The National Science Foundation, the National
Institutes of Health, the National Aeronautics and Space Administra-
tion, and the Atomic Energy Commission are the principal sources of
such grants. A Department of Defense program enables institutions to
build facilities and write off the cost.
To help finance new classrooms, libraries, and laboratories. Congress
last year passed a $1,195 billion college aid program and, said President
Can federal dollars
properly be called
FEDERAL FUNDS continued
of Federal research funds
go to these 10 institutions:
U. of California U. of Illinois
Mass. Inst, of Technology Stanford U.
Columbia U. U. of Chicago
U. of IVIichigan U. of Minnesota
Harvard U. Cornell U.
Johnson, thus was "on its way to doing more for education than any
since the land-grant college bill was passed 100 years ago."
Support for medical education through loans to students and funds for
construction was authorized by Congress last fall, when it passed a $236
To strengthen the curriculum in various ways, federal agencies spent
approximately $9.2 million in fiscal 1962. Samples: A $2 million Na-
tional Science Foundation program to improve the content of science
courses; a $2 million Office of Education program to help colleges and
universities develop, on a matching-fund basis, language and area-study
centers; a $2 million Public Health Service program to expand, create,
and improve graduate work in public health.
Support for international programs involving U.S. colleges and univer-
sities came from several federal sources. Examples: Funds spent by the
Peace Corps for training and research totaled more than $7 miUion. The
Agency for International Development employed some 70 institutions
to administer its projects overseas, at a cost of about $26 milUon. The
State Department paid nearly $6 million to support more than 2,500
foreign students on U.S. campuses, and an additional $1.5 miUion to
support more than 700 foreign professors.
of Federal research funds
go to the above 10 + these 15:
U. of Wisconsin
U. of Pennsylvania
New York U.
Ohio State U.
U. of Washington
Johns Hopkins U.
U. of Texas
Iowa State U.
Cal. Inst, of Technology
U. of Pittsburgh
U. of Maryland
BUT the greatest federal influence, on many U.S. campuses, comes
through the government's expenditures for research.
As one would expect, most of such expenditures are made at univer-
sities, rather than at colleges (which, with some exceptions, conduct
In the 1963 Godkin Lectures at Harvard, the University of Cahfornia's
President Clark Kerr called the federal government's support of research,
starting in World War II, one of the "two great impacts [which], beyond
all other forces, have molded the modern American university system
and made it distinctive." (The other great impact: the land-grant college
At the institutions where they are concentrated, federal research funds
have had marked effects. A self-study by Harvard, for example, revealed
that 90 per cent of the research expenditures in the university's physics
department were paid for by the federal government; 67 per cent in the
chemistry department; and 95 per cent in the division of engineering and
Is THIS government-dollar dominance in many universities' research
budgets a healthy development?
After analyzing the role of the federal government on their campuses,
a group of universities reporting to the Carnegie Foundation for the
Advancement of Teaching agreed that "the effects [of government ex-
penditures for campus-based research projects] have, on balance, been
Said the report of one institution:
"The opportunity to make expenditures of this size has permitted a
research effort far superior to anything that could have been done with-
out recourse to government sponsors. . . .
"Any university that dechned to participate in the growth of spon-
sored research would have had to pay a high price in terms of the quahty
of its faculty in the science and engineering areas. . . ."
However, the university-government relationship is not without its
One of the most irksome, say many institutions, is the government's
failure to reimburse them fully for the "indirect costs" they incur in
connection with federally sponsored research — costs of administration,
of libraries, of operating and maintaining their physical plant. If the
government fails to cover such costs, the universities must — often by
drawing upon funds that might otherwise be spent in strengthening
areas that are not favored with large amounts of federal support, e.g.,
Some see another problem: faculty members may be attracted to cer-
tain research areas simply because federal money is plentiful there.
"This . . . may tend to channel their efforts away from other important
research and . . . from their teaching and public-service responsibilities,"
one university study said.
The government's emphasis upon science, health, and engineering,
some persons beheve, is another drawback to the federal research ex-
penditures. "Between departments, a form of imbalance may result,"
said a recent critique. "The science departments and their research may
grow and prosper. The departments of the humanities and social sci-
ences may continue, at best, to maintain their status quo."
"There needs to be a National Science Foundation for the humani-
ties," says the chief academic officer of a Southern university which gets
approximately 20 per cent of its annual budget from federal grants.
"Certainly government research programs create imbalances within
departments and between departments," said the spokesman for a lead-
ing Catholic institution, "but so do many other influences at work within
a university — Imbalances must be lived with and made the most of, if
a level of uniform mediocrity is not to prevail."
THE CONCENTRATION of federal funds in a few institutions — usually
the institutions which already are financially and educationally
strong — makes sense from the standpoint of the quid pro quo philoso-
phy that motivates the expenditure of most government funds. The
strong research-oriented universities, obviously, can deliver the commod-
ity the government wants.
But, consequently, as a recent Carnegie report noted, "federal support
is, for many colleges and universities, not yet a decisive or even a highly
influential fact of academic life."
Why, some persons ask, should not the government conduct equally
well-financed programs in order to improve those colleges and uni-
versities which are not strong — and thus raise the quality of U.S. higher
education as a whole?
of Federal research funds
go to the 25 opposite + these 75:
Pennsylvania State U.
U. of Southern Cal.
U. of Rochester
U. of Colorado
George Washington U.
Western Reserve U.
Florida State U.
U. of Florida
U. of Oregon
U. of Utah
U. of N. Carolina
Michigan State U.
Polytechnic Inst, of
U. of Miami
U. of Tennessee
U. of Iowa
Texas A. & M. Col.
Rensselaer Polytechnic Inst.
U. of Kansas
U. of Arizona
Oregon State U.
Ga. Inst, of Technology
U. of Virginia
Louisiana State U.
Carnegie I nst. of Technology
U. of Oklahoma
N. Carolina State U.
Illinois Inst, of Technology
Wayne State U.
U. of Denver
U. of Missouri
U. of Georgia
U. of Arkansas
U. of Nebraska
U. of Alabama
New Mexico State U.
Washington State U.
U. of Buffalo
U. of Kentucky
U. of Cincinnati
Stevens Inst, of Technology
Oklahoma State U.
Medical Col. of Virginia
Mississippi State U.
Colorado State U.
U. of Vermont
Jefferson Medical Col.
Va. Polytechnic Inst.
U. of Louisville
Kansas State U.
St. Louis U.
West Virginia U.
U. of Hawaii
U. of Mississippi
Notre Dame U.
U. of New Mexico
FEDERAL FUNDS continued
This question is certain to be warmly debated in years to come.
Coupled with philosophical support or opposition will be this pressing
practical question: can private money, together with state and local
government funds, solve higher education's financial problems, without
resort to Washington? Next fall, when the great, long-predicted "tidal
wave" of students at last reaches the nation's campuses, the time of
testing will begin.
6.4 per cent from Gifts and Grants
11.6% of their income
conies from gifts and grants.
2.3% of their income
comes from gifts and grants.
As A SOURCE of income for U.S. higher education, private gifts and
. grants are a comparatively small slice on the pie charts: 1 1.6% for
the private colleges and universities, only 2.3% for public.
But, to both types of institution, private gifts and grants have an im-
portance far greater than these percentages suggest.
"For us," says a representative of a public university in the Midwest,
"private funds mean the difference between the adequate and the ex-
cellent. The university needs private funds to serve purposes for which
state funds cannot be used: scholarships, fellowships, student loans, the
purchase of rare books and art objects, research seed grants, experi-
"Because the state provides basic needs," says another public-
university man, "every gift dollar can be used to provide for a margin
Says the spokesman for a private liberal arts college: "We miist seek
gifts and grants as we have never sought them before. They are our one
hope of keeping educational quality up, tuition rates down, and the
student body democratic. I'll even go so far as to say they are our main
hope of keeping the college, as we know it, alive."
FROM 1954-55 through 1960-61, the independent Council for Finan-
cial Aid to Educatiori has made a biennial survey of the country's
colleges and universities, to learn how much private aid they received.
In four surveys, the institutions answering the council's questionnaires
reported they had received more than $2.4 billion in voluntary gifts.
Major private universities received $1,046 miUion.
Private coeducational colleges received $628 million.
State universities received nearly $320 million.
Professional schools received $171 million.
Private women's colleges received $126 million.
Private men's colleges received $117 million.
Junior colleges received $31 million.
Municipal universities received nearly $16 million.
Over the years covered by the CFAE's surveys, these increases took
Gifts to the private universities went up 95.6%.
Gifts to private coed colleges went up 82%.
Gifts to state universities went up 184%.
Gifts to professional schools went up 134%.
Where did the money come from? Gifts and grants reported to the
council came from these sources:
General welfare foundations gave $653 million.
Non-alumni donors gave $539.7 million.
Alumni and alumnae gave $496 million.
Business corporations gave $345.8 million.
Religious denominations gave $216 million.
Non-alumni, non-church groups gave $139 million.
Other sources gave $66.6 million.
All seven sources increased their contributions over the period.
BUT THE RECORDS of past years are only preludes to the voluntary
giving of the future, experts feel.
Dr. John A. Pollard, who conducts the surveys of the Council for
Financial Aid to Education, estimates conservatively that higher educa-
tion will require $9 billion per year by 1969-70, for educational and
general expenditures, endowment, and plant expansion. This would be
1.3 per cent of an expected $700 billion Gross National Product.
Two billion dollars, Dr. Pollard believes, must come in the form of
private gifts and grants. Highlights of his projections:
Business corporations will increase their contributions to higher educa-
tion at a rate of 16.25 per cent a year. Their 1969-70 total: $508 million.
Foundations will increase their contributions at a rate of 14.5 per
cent a year. Their 1969-70 total: $520.7 million.
Alumni will increase their contributions at a rate of 14.5 per cent a
year. Their 1969-70 total: $591 million.
Non-alumni individuals will increase their contributions at a rate of
12.6 per cent a year. Their 1969-70 total: $524.6 million.
Religious denominations will increase their contributions at a rate of
12.7 per cent. Their 1969-70 total: $215.6 million.
Non-alumni, non-church groups and other sources will increase their
contributions at rates of 4 per cent and 1 per cent, respectively. Their
1969-70 total: $62 million.
"I think we must seriously question whether these estimates are
realistic," said a business man, in response to Dr. Pollard's estimate of
1969-70 gifts by corporations. "Corporate funds are not a bottomless
pit; the support the corporations give to education is, after all, one of
the costs of doing business. ... It may become more difficult to provide
for such support, along with other foreseeable increased costs, in setting
product prices. We cannot assume that all this money is going to be
available simply because we want it to be. The more fruit you shake
from the tree, the more difficult it becomes to find still more."
Coming: a need
for $9 billion
a year. Impossible?
But others are more optimistic. Says the CFAE:
"Fifteen years ago nobody could safely have predicted the level of
voluntary support of higher education in 1962. Its climb has been spec-
tacular. . . .
"So, on the record, it probably is safe to say that the potential of
voluntary support of U.S. higher education has only been scratched.
The people have developed a quenchless thirst for higher learning and,
equally, the means and the will to support its institutions adequately."
A LUMNi AND ALUMNAE will have a critical role to play in determining
^!jL whether the projections turn out to have been sound or unrealistic.
Of basic importance, of course, are their own gifts to their alma
maters. The American Alumni Council, in its most recent year's com-
pilation, reported that alumni support, as measured from the reports
of 927 colleges and universities, had totaled $196.7 million — a new
Lest this figure cause alumni and alumnae to engage in unrestrained
self-congratulations, however, let them consider these words from one
of the country's veteran (and most outspoken) alumni secretaries:
"Of shocking concern is the lack of interest of most of the alumni. . . .
The country over, only about one-fifth on the average pay dues to their
alumni associations; only one-fourth on the average contribute to their
alumni funds. There are, of course, heartwarming instances where
participation reaches 70 and 80 per cent, but they are rare. . . ."
Commenting on these remarks, a fund-raising consultant wrote:
"The fact that about three-fourths of college and university alumni
do not contribute anything at all to their alma maters seems to be a
strong indication that they lack sufficient feeling of responsibility to
support these institutions. There was a day when it could be argued
that this support was not forthcoming because the common man
simply did not have funds to contribute to universities. While this argu-
ment is undoubtedly used today, it carries a rather hollow ring in a
nation owning nearly two cars for every family and so many pleasure
boats that there is hardly space left for them on available water."
Alumni support has an importance even beyond the dollars that
it yields to higher education. More than 220 business corporations will
match their employees' contributions. And alumni support — particu-
larly the percentage of alumni who make gifts — is frequently used by
other prospective donors as a guide to how much they should give.
Most important, alumni and alumnae wear many hats. They are indi-
vidual citizens, corporate leaders, voters, taxpayers, legislators, union
members, church leaders. In every role, they have an effect on college
and university destinies. Hence it is alumni and alumnae, more than any
other group, who will determine whether the financial health of U.S.
higher education will be good or bad in years to come.
What will the verdict be? No reader can escape the responsibility of
The report on this and the preceding 15
pages is the product of a cooperative en-
deavor in which scores of schools, colleges,
and universities are taking part. It was
prepared under the direction of the group
listed below, who form editorial projects
FOR education, a non-profit organization
associated with the American Alumni
Council. (The editors, of course, speak for
themselves and not for their institutions.)
Copyright © 1964 by Editorial Projects for
Education, Inc. All rights reserved; no
part may be reproduced without express
permission of the editors. Printed in U.S.A.
Carnegie Institute of Technology
DAVID A. BURR
The University of 0/clahoma
BEATRICE M. FIELD
MARALYN O. GILLESPIE
L. FRANKLIN HEALD
The University of New Hampshire
CHARLES M. HELMKEN
American Alumni Council
JOHN I. MATTILL
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
The University of Oregon
JOHN W. PATON
ROBERT L. PAYTON
ROBERT M. RHODES
The University of Pennsylvania
VERNE A. STADTMAN
The University of California
FREDERIC A. STOTT
Phillips Academy, Andover
FRANK J. TATE
The Ohio State University
CHARLES E. WIDMAYER
DOROTHY F. WILLIAMS
RONALD A. WOLK
The Johns Hopkins University
ELIZABETH BOND WOOD
Sweet Briar College
Acknowledgments: The editors acknowledge with
thanks the help of Sally Adams, Washington State
University; Harriet Coble, The University of Ne-
braska; Jam'es Gunn, The University of Kansas;
Jack McGuire, The University of Texas; Joe Sher-
man, Clemson College; Howard Snethen, Duke
University; Jack Taylor, The University of Missouri.
Photographs by Peter Dechert Associates: Walter
Holt, Leif Skoogfors, Peter Dechert.
CLASS OF 1949 — J 5th reunion, first row: Maude Wood Hagood, Betty Forsyth Somers,
Audi Dulaney Devening, Irvin Whitlow Westbrook. second row: Betty Fischer Gore, Betty
Russell Brown, Barbara Watson Barden, Margaret Thompson Pridgen, Betty Hoffman For-
lenza. third row: Frances Malone, Anne McCaskill Libis, Mary Elwang Shannon, Jean
Abendschein Vass, and Jeanne Farrington Leslie.
Anne McCaskill Libis
9410 Flagstone Dr., Baltimore 34, Md.
Fourteen '49ers gathered in Virginia Hall
rec room and heard each others' histories
since graduation. Those who were absent
missed some interesting stories.
Bettie Hoffman Forlenza brought her
husband. He works with Smith, Klein, and
French, where she met him. They have been
in Cherry Hill, NJ, for a year. Other hus-
bands seen during the weekend were Lew
Sommers, Sid Shannon, Mike Leslie, and
Betty Russell Brown's husband is with the
Joint Chiefs of StafT at the Pentagon. She
is looking forward to more overseas duty in
a few years. Jean Abendschein Vass will
soon be operating the Community Day
School in Arlington — her own private kin-
dergarten and first grade.
Andi Dulaney Devening, in C'ville, sup-
ports her 4 boys by doing clerical work at
UVa. Maude Wood Hagood is the socially
prominent wife of the town doctor in Clover,
Va. He is chief of staff of the hospital and
she is the consulting dietitian. They have
a lovely home, a pony, and a boat.
"Nehi" Leora Knapp Mora '50 was seen
roaming the campus but did not join us.
Frances Malone came all the way from Mi-
ami; employed at Jackson Hospital and ac-
tive in the Miami chapter.
Lucille Clift Kimman returned from
France and bought a home in Annandale,
near DC. Jean Butler Lancaster, 4 chil-
dren; active with Richmond Jr Women.
Husband is chemist with Va Dept of Agri-
Barbara Watson Barden, in Massachusetts
now, has 3 children. She had dancing schools
but I forget if she has one now. You sure
missed a story if you weren't at reunion.
Mary Roberts Guynn recently visited Fran-
ces Hern Tron in High Point, NC, where
Frances' husband works for Heritage Furni-
ture Co. One of Frances' girls will visit
relatives in Italy this summer.
Hilda Jones Blakemore, absent as she was
in the hospital recovering from surgery, sent
a picture of her q boys; husband is an attor-
ney. Nancy Davis England, Clearwater, Fla;
one girl. Husband works for Honeywell in
advanced computer design. Glenrose Aldred
Hillock and her 3 boys have turned up in
Ala; husband is in the Air Force.
BABIES: Helen Gresham Walton, a boy,
Dec 63 ; Irvin Whitlow Westbrook, a girl,
Dec 63 ; Flo Archibald Barrow, a boy, Feb
64; Primm Turner French, a girl, Mar 64.
Bootsie Simpson Johnson
2218 Sorrel Lane, SW, Roanoke
Hi and goodbye :
It has been enjoyable being class agent
these eight years. Thanks to all of you who
sent in news through the years, especially
Pat Hatfield Mayer, who seems to keep up
with many of our class. Pat is in Calif now.
Your new agents, who were elected at
the reunion and go into office immediately,
are Helen Louise Wilbur, 1701 Massachu-
setts Ave. N.W. Washington, D.C. 20036
and Babs Wilson Taliaferro, (Mrs. W. D.)
Rt. I, Box 201, Punta Gorda, Fla.
Cheers! We had 35 present for our loth
reunion. Missing from the picture were
Mary Ann Dorsey Judy (New Rochelle, NY;
4 children), Bobby Babb Puckett, and Sue
Powers Blackford (Richmond; 2 children).
The following couldn't attend but sent
notes: Nancy Jean Miller Hatcher married
in '54 and lived in Paris while Tom was in
service. Now they and a daughter live in
Hamilton and Tom is a draftsman for Deco
Electronics in Leesburg. Eleanor Zundel
Phillips, Sarasota, Fla, married Charley in
CLASS OF 1964
We are happy to welcome the
Class of 1964 to the Alumnae As-
sociation. The four agents who will
serve the class are pictured at the
right. Please send news about your-
selves and your MWC friends to
one of the following agents:
JEAN CHEWNiNG, head agent,
Box 123, RD I, F'burg; sarah
(sallie) JONES, 18 Milford Rd.,
Newport News; malinda savers,
3823 High Acres Rd., Roanoke;
or lavinia (binnie) winston,
AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST: write to Alumnae Office, Box
13 1 5, College Station, Fredericksburg.
I. Two letters from Mrs. Charles Lake Bushnell, former
Dean of Women at MWC, written June 1964. One is
a reply to an invitation to Homecoming and the other
is a thank-you note for the red roses the Association
sends her each year on the Homecoming Saturday.
II. Alumnae College Book list. Suggested reading in the
fields of Art, Dance, Drama, and Music; a list of the
books exhibited in the college library as a part of the
Alumnae College program, "The Creative Arts in a
CLASS AGENTS WANTED for the following classes: 1914-
19 1 9 — 1920 — 1923- — 1926 — 1933. Please volunteer!
MARY WASHINGTON ALUMNAE NEWS
'59. taught I St grade for 9 years and hopes
to adopt a child.
Marilyn Kroll Kaplan, of Long Is, married
Morty, an industrial real estate broker, in
'56; has 2 girls. She transferred to UVa
for a BS in Ed. Peggy Davies McCartney,
Pittsburgh ; a son and was expecting in June.
Her Jim is a chemical engineer with Gulf
Oil. Sylvia Ann Barlow and Richard Ander-
son married last fall and live in Conn.
ORCHIDS to Lily Figueroa Caussade on
her first trip back to MWC. She flew from
Puerto Rico with her 2 sons and husband
Anibal, who is in sugar cane business. Lily
teaches biology in HS.
Helen Hodges was elected by the Alum-
nae Council to serve on the Nat'l Alumnae
Board — Congrats! She is a chemist in the
Va Dept of Agriculture and is president of
our Richmond Chapter. Nancy Hoffman
Eidman, Rome, NY, has 2 boys and expects
Barbara Scott Trenis' husband runs a
Registered Holstein Dairy farm in Catlett; 4
children. Jingles Kirkwood Browning, Cul-
peper, teaches 5th grade and her husband is
the principal. Pat Whitted Blackwell, Rich-
mond, has 4 children and says she plays
house all day.
Molly Myrus Swain, who attended fresh
yr and lived in Cornell, has 4 boys and is in
Oneonta, NY, where husband is elem school
principal. They were in England on an ex-
change teaching program. Mary Miles Pur-
year Jones, Kinston, NC ; 2 boys and 2 girls.
Carlene Mitchell Bass, Ashland; a boy and a
Mary Chilton Newell, Fairfax; 3 chil-
dren. Husband Bill is assistant hospital ad-
ministrator. Norma Bourne Bisbee, 3 chil-
dren and active in scout work in Williams-
burg, Mass. Ruth Russell Cobb, Pylesville,
Md; one daughter. Bob teaches Vo. Ag. and
is working on his MA.
Jean Armstrong teaches at Vassar and is
working for a PhD. Georgiana Spillman
Stillman, Bowie, Md ; 2 sons. Husband man-
ages an import furniture store. Peggy Ames
Smith, also in Bowie, was expecting in July.
B. J. Cox Haynie, in Augusta, Ga; 3 chil-
dren. Robert is a mechanical engineer. Also
in Ga is Grace Gumming Bebal; 2 children.
Francis is professor of Biochemistry at Ga
Edith Moody Sheffield, Petersburg; one
boy. Husband is a funeral director. In
Alexandria, Gerry Holsten Rodriguez; hus-
band in navy. Ann Perkinson Prince, Va
Beach; 2 boys, husband in insurance. Celia
Calloway Hancock, Springfield ; 3 girls.
Louise Robbins Bryant and husband
opened a drive-in restaurant and motel in
Courtland three years ago so Louise is pul-
ing her major in Home Ec to good use. 3
children. All classmates are welcomed for
a free meal.
Joanne Armistead Guthrie, Va Beach,
married a dentist; 2 girls. Gladys Jones has
been a soc worker at Social Service Bureau
in Newport News for 10 years. Janet An-
drews Edrington taught English for 9 years,
part of the time in Tenn, while husband
studied dentistry at U of Texas. They are
building a clinic in Sanford, NC, where he
Marcia Craddock Frank, with DuPont
four years, has 2 children. Husband Arlen is
research chemist with Hooker Chemical
Corp. Helen Peck Nerusame, Potomac, Md ;
3 children. Ralph is IBM Federal System
Judy Graham Kanakanui, back home in
Beckley, WVa for a year while Budgie works
on an architectural job, will return to Hono-
lulu where they've been living with their
4 children. Bev Turner Cooke lives in Oma-
ha, Neb. What is the address?
Pat Swain Holzberlein of Fairfax teaches
Phys Ed in Arlington ; 2 children. Husband
CLASS OF 1954 — loth reunion, seated left to right: Betty Bartz Bradford, Marcia Crad-
dock Frank, Helen Hodges, Helen Wilbur, Edith Moody Sheffield, Betty Cox Haynie, Pattie
Pickett Wadsworth, Barbara Scott Trenis, Ruth Russell Cobb, Louise Robbins Bryant, Georgi-
ana Spillman Stillman, Anna Nash Kay McDaniel, Helen Peck Nerusome. standing: Patricia
Shipley Hook, Carlene Mitchell Bass, Betty Baylor Neatrour, Gladys Jones, Ann Payne Long,
Lillian Figueroa Caussade, Geraldine Holsten Rodriguez, Pat Swain Holzberlein, Celia Callo-
way Hancock, Edwina Wright Blankenbaker, Anne Levey, Joyce Mason Conis, Mary Chilton
Newell, Norma Bourne Bisbee, Patricia Whitted Blackwell, Ann Perkinson Prince, Janet
Andrews Edrington, Bootsie Simpson Johnson, Barbara Wilson Taliaferro.
is with Eastern Air Lines at Dulles Field.
Teddy Maxwell Chenning (sp?) and hus-
band are both on the police force in C'ville.
"Lewie" Ann Payne Long, in Timberville
near Harrisonburg; 3 children; president of
garden club and a mistress of ceremonies for
weddings. Husband Wayne runs a turkey
farm. Joyce Mason Conis has 3 children,
1 gold fish, and 3 rabbits (the latter she'd
like to get rid of). James teaches Spanish
and Russian at Clemson College.
Carolyn Barnes Houlgrave, Richmond;
2 children. Marion Pleasants Trice, 3 chil-
dren ; husband is elec engineer with VEPCO
in Richmond. Jean Verling Euderle, in
Buena Vista, has a 3-yr old. Joan Young
Wilson, Columbus, O, 3 children; William
works for Urban Renewal. Ann Johnston
LeDuke, La Crosse, Wise; 3 children; Ern-
est is an elec engineer.
Pattie Pickett Wadsworth, Falls Church;
2 sons; Ben is Lt Cmdr in Navy. Betty Ear-
man Sipe is an art teacher in Fairfax. Ad-
dress? Pat Ashley Mathena, in Md; one
child. Sara Waugh Hurst, Ft Leavenworth,
Kan. ; 3 children. Pat Josephs Zavadil,
Grosse Isle, Mich; 2 sons; husband with Ford
Patti Bea Henson Adams, Norfolk; 3 girls.
Peggy Sloan Darbie, Martinsville, NH; a
son. Edwina Wright Blankenbaker of Lou-
isa, 3 children. Husband an MD. Madge
Baker Bowe, Lynnhaven, 2 children. Cath-
erine Martin Martin is in Topeka, Kan; at
UVa after jr year for Lab Tech work.
Beth Grove Dieball lives in Oak Park,
Mich. Betty Bartz Bradford, Downingtown,
Pa; 2 sons and expecting in Sept. She has
an MA from Columbia '55 in Special Ed
and taught for a number of years. Husband
Wallace is indust engineer with Lukens Steel.
Pat Shipley Hook of DC got an MA in
Edu at Johns Hopkins in June. Betty Baylor
Neatrour will study at U of Moscow this
summer on a teacher's cultural exchange.
In Sept she will go to U of Indiana on
scholarship to work on her PhD in Russian.
Charley will do grad work on scholarship at
LSU in math in Sept. They have one son.
Anna Nash Kay McDaniel and Coy, a
marine engineer, and 3 children are at Va
Beach. Babs Wilson Taliaferro is busy with
garden club, Jr Women and investment
clubs; Duke, originally from F'burg, is a
bank officer in Fla. Cynthia Irby Hayden,
of Arvona, married an MD. Peggy Lassiter
Benton is in Newark, Del. Joan Baron New-
man, of NY; 2 children. Barbara Bosworth
Lanham, Manassas; 3 children.
Ossie Chaffee Summers and Paul live, I
think, in Upper Marlboro, Md; 2 children.
Carroll Lee Ferrell Wolfe lives and teaches
in Lexington; one girl. Joan Garner Amer-
man teaches in Henrico Co. Betsy McNeal
Brann, Reedville, one son; husband in bank-
Nancy Root Skinner, of Bolton, Mass, one
girl; husband with Raytheon Elec. They
plan to open an antique shop. Helen Wilbur
has an MA from U of Pgh '55 in retailing
and is Asst Mdse Mgr of the Woodward and
Lothrop Budget Store in DC. Faith Grace
Perlman, Richmond, one girl; husband with
State Employment Comm.
MARY WASHINGTON ALUMNAE NEWS
^f*/^ Edna E. Gooch, Apt. 19
«->'«-' 34' 6 Grove Ave., Richmond 26
This has been a great year for news! A
card from Russ and Marianne Carrano
Raphaely while they were visiting Ted and
Peggy Clark Bidwell in Puerto Rico. They
have a son, planned to return to the US in
May, and are expecting in Sept. Eureka!
A long awaited letter from Fay Jessup
Young. She had a son in Oct and still
teaches art a couple times a week. She says
Carol Noakes Robinson is back in NY.
Patsy Peterson Griffing's husband is a suc-
cessful photographer in NY. lona Mae Cook
Gordon, who is still working for her masters
at GW, sent word of a 3rd girl in Feb for
Given Althauser Betor.
Dick and Jo Neal Hendricks Scully
planned to sail on the Constitution in July
for a 2-yr stay in Nice, France where Dick
will be the American Vice Consulate. To
Elizabeth Powers Armitage, a son in Jan
and the grapevine says Irino Nano Chauchet
expected bundle no. i in April. Awilda
Domenech Burroughs, in Spring Valley,
Calif now complete with a new little girl, is
an airline receptionist.
At an alumnae meeting in Richmond at
which Chancellor Simpson spoke of his visit
to India I saw Jane Vaught and Carol Prid-
gen Gill. Carol said Jan Bewley Willhide
is in Germany. Would be nice if she could
bump into Marcia Phipps Ireland who loves
Jo Anne Hearn Walter is in Pa with 2
children. Sigrid Stanley Jackman bought a
new home in Bethesda and is waiting for joy
no. 3 in Sept. Mary Ellen Fredman Down-
ing teaches in a small town near Ann Arbor.
Husband has finished law school and they
hope to be in DC eventually.
We were really pleased with the 1 3 girls
who came to the reunion. Hurrah, hurrah!
It was a wonderful weekend, beautiful
weather, and plain great, seeing everyone,
talking and thinking back to memories of
MWC. I hope our loth will be doubled in
every way. The 1 3 were :
Irene Piscopo, whose sister was a '64 grad.
They plan a vacation in Calif this summer.
Anne Saunders Spilman, who rode back to
Richmond with me to visit her sister, has 2
children. She moved to Wise in July. Ger-
aldine Jenks Winston, my pld roomie, was
there complete with pictures of her cute
Joan Essick Woloson, who is to be a
mother again in Nov. Martha Huffman
Wood, all aglitter and aglow about her fam-
ily. Mary Massie and Priscilla Brown Ward-
law drove in together from Arlington where
Mary now lives. "Pete" had stopped on her
way from NY to visit. She and her husband
planned a glorious three weeks in Europe in
Ruth Gaines Watkins, who was expecting
in July, was visiting Sandra Taylor Fox so
they came together. Imogene Daniels was
there, attending with her mother, who is
Ann Brooks Papadatos came zooming in
from the Bronz, visiting us and also her
family who live in F'burg. Number 12 is
CLASS OF 1959 — 5th reunion, first row, left to right: Martha Huffman Wood, Edna
Gooch, Anne Saunders Spilman, and Joan Essick Woloson. second row, left to right:
Ann Rollins Pyle, Ann Brooks Papadatos, Geraldine Jenks Winston, Priscilla Brown Wardlaw,
and Mary Massey.
Anne Rollins Pyle, an elem teacher in Fair-
fax Co who plans to continue work for her
masters this summer at UVa. No. 1 3 was
yours truly — might have known.
Some news that was screamed at the re-
union: Elizabeth Desmond married an air-
lines pilot. Sondra Kates has been seen all
over on TV commercials. We counted about
five different ones. Dodie Reeder Hruby is ex-
pecting. In July Eleanor Markham Old was
moving to Phila where Arthur will be with
Armstrong Cork Co. Ruth Osterman But-
ton is expecting no. 3.
There was much more news but I'll fil-
trate that via our letters. We had a good
time and the weekend passed too quickly.
I know many of you wanted to come but due
to families, etc. it doesn't always work out.
I hope you make it next time.
A long letter from Marcella Stapor Wow!
What a life! She is a lawyer now working
in a small town right outside of London.
What a swinging way to get a decent cup of
tea! When she returns to NY next year she
plans to come via Russia. Could you die,
Elizabeth Watkins Johnson has 3 girls now.
Large note for Kitten Swaffin Howard who
was hoping to come to the reunion. Carmen
Culpepper Chappell and husband, who is
systems analyst for Smith, Kline & French
in Phila, have bought a home. She bumped
into Edwyna McDonnell Cocks. May Phil-
lips, still in Calif, had a trip to Europe the
fall of '63.
Stevie Conover works for United Airlines
in Los Angeles. Anne Phillips and Barbara
Boisseau are roommates in Frisco. Judith
Fink Beckmen is expecting in August. Both
Gloria Winslow Borden and Barbara Gordon
Crabtree have 3 children. Arlene Hawthorne
has her masters now.
And surprise! Jean Jones McNabb had
twin girls. Watch it, Fritzie. Nancy Parsly,
with a MS in LS from Drexel in June, is a
library asst at Eastern Baptist College in St.
David's, Pa. Madeline Lankford Simmons
has 2 girls and is vice-pres of the alumnae
chapter in Kilmarnock. Nancy Sturtevant
married Ed Baker and lives in Calif. To
Bill and Joan Stahlhut Good, a son last Dec.
Marcia Spence Harrison and husband
plan to be in Newport, RI and then travel
to San Juan. I quote from Marcia's last
note: ". . . It is with much sadness that
I write ... of the death of our little boy,
James Philip, on March 12, 1964. As he
was a retarded child, if anyone would be in-
terested, we are having contributions sent
in memory of him to Delaware Co Assoc for
Retarded Children, 147 Lansdowne Ave.,
Lansdowne, Pa." To the Harrisons, our
A pleasant phone call announced the
arrival of the Boss of the Tom and Emily
Babb Carpenter family in Richmond on their
way to Fla. The Boss was a sleepy six-mo-old
at the time but that was a small matter.
Emily told me Kitty Dishman Crandall was
expecting. Our visit ended too soon, as this
news letter sometimes does.
One little item — old "Eddie" will be back
at the books this summer at UVa. She made
a dramatic decision to teach 5th grade next
yr and she's got to keep up with her stu-
dents. If there is any excitement going on
I'll let Yall know right away.
MARY WASHINGTON ALUMNAE NEWS
Mm Washington College
lanitiersitji of Virginia
U. S. POSTAGE
Permit No. 89
^ L *
Pictured at the left are new members of
the 2 2 -member Board of Directors of the
Alumnae Association. Lucille Wheeler,
Phoebe Enders Willis (the Chancellor's ap-
pointee), Arabelle Laws Arrington, Doris
Steele, and Helen Hodges (representative of
the Alumnae Council). Elected, but missing
from the picture are Margaret Lodge Copes
and Elinor McClellan Cox.
Florence Daniel, a
senior from Ports-
mouth, was chosen by
the Class of '65 to rep-
resent them on the
Sarah Herring Estes was winner of the
place on the Nomination-Election Commit-
tee, replacing Marceline Weatherly Morris,
whose term expires. Others on this commit-
tee are Ethel Chrisman, Chairman, and
Rachael Nickey Morgenthaler.
On Saturday, May 30, the new Board
elected the following officers who will assume
office on July i. Chairman of the Board,
Peggy Kelley Reinburg. First vice chair-
man — alumnae fund committee, Betty Cox
Beale. Second vice chairman — program
committee, Kathryn Nicholas Winslow. Third
vice chairman — alumnae council committee,
Doris Steele. Jane Howard Patrick was
named Chairman of the Finance Committee.
These persons plus the faculty advisor and
the executive secretary make up the Execu-
tive Committee, which is pictured at the left.
Seated: Mildred Jamison, faculty advisor,
Jane Patrick, Doris Steele, Betty Beale.
Standing: Peggy Reinburg, Bettie Griffith,
executive secretary, and Kathryn Winslow.
MARY WASHINGTON ALUMNAE NEWS